Types of work we undertake

Tree pruning can be necessary to maintain a tree in a safe condition and if a tree is not pruned in the correct manor this can lead to trees becoming diseased and potentially dangerous. On your quotation sometimes there are certain words that don't explain clearly what is going to happen to your tree, to help you we have come up with this helpful information list to assist you:

CROWN THINNING

Crown thinning simply means the removal of a smaller portion of branches, usually at the outer crown. This will produce a uniform density of foliage around an evenly spaced structure. Crown thinning does not alter the overall size and shape of the tree and it should not exceed 30% overall. Crown thinning will usually allow more light to pass through the tree, reduce the weight and reduce wind resistance.

CROWN LIFTING

Crown lifting is the preparing of lower branches for future removal and/or the removal of the lowest branches. Crown lifting should not include the removal of large branches growing directly from the trunk. Crown lifting is an effective method of increasing light to areas close to the tree.

CROWN REDUCTION

Crown reduction is the reduction in height and/or spread of the crown. This can make the tree more suited to it's environment and reduce shading and light loss.

DEADWOODING

These are the non living branches or stems due to natural ageing or external influences. It should be left as much as possible as it provides essential habitats and it should only be removed if it poses a risk.

COPPICING

Coppicing is a traditional method of woodland management which takes advantage of the fact that many trees make new growth from the stump/roots if cut down. Young tree stems are repeatedly cut down to near ground level so in subsequent years many new shoots will emerge. Pollarding is a similar process but in the higher part of the tree.

POLLARDING

This is the initial removal of the top of a young tree, once started it should be repeated always retaining the initial pollard point.

DISMANTLING/FELLING

A tree will need to be dismantled or felled if it has become hazardous to the safety of your property or neighbouring properties. When a tree is removed the stump can be ground out as well. Tree dismantling is different from tree felling as the tree is completely removed carefully in sections as this way it will eliminate potential damage to nearby trees and structures. This is also used when extra attention needs to be paid to limit the risk of damage and maximise the safety of members of the public.

STUMP GRINDING/REMOVAL

Stump grinding is used for when you need to remove the stump from a felled tree. The machines can completely destroy the roots of the trees in a few seconds or recover the central part of the roots.

Before

Stump Before

After

Stump After

HEDGE TRIMMING/MAINTENANCE

New hedges require formative pruning for the first couple of years after planting and this is usually carried out in the winter or spring. Maintenance trimming occurs after this usually once a year sometimes twice a year. The maintenance trimming is usually carried out between spring and summer. It can also revive the appearance and health.

TPO/CONSERVATION AREAS

There are many trees that are legally protected. Felling or even just pruning a protected tree without permission from your Local Planning Authority may be a criminal offence. Always check for Tree Preservation Orders or Conservation Area restrictions with your local council’s Tree Officer and/or Planning Department before carrying out any works.Trim a Tree can do complete checks for you, please ask for further details.

CABLE BRACING AND PROPPING

Cables and brace rods are structural supports intended to reduce the risk of failure of weak branches and multiple stems. Cables are generally attached to bolts that are installed in the upper crown of the tree. They intend to limit the movement of the supported branches so they are less likely to fail during storms.